A short-term wind-hydrothermal operational framework in the presence of pumped-hydro storage

Abstract

Short-term operation is one of the most significant aspects of power systems operation and planning and it mainly includes resource scheduling including renewable and non-renewable energy sources. The mentioned problem is modeled as an optimization problem with one or more objectives depending upon the priorities of the decision maker (system operator) and several equality and inequality constraints. In this respect, this paper proposes a short-term operational model for the hydrothermal power systems in the presence of wind power generation and pumped-hydro storage (PHS) units. The problem is formulated as a single-objective optimization problem that aims to minimize the total operating cost including the fuel cost of thermal units. The problem has been comprehensively investigated through five case studies where the first case study is used for the sake of validation. Then, the other case studies assessed the impacts of wind power generation, PHS unit, and uncertainty on the problem. The five case studies are as follows: Case 1: Short-term hydrothermal (STH) scheduling which aims to minimize the total cost. Case 2: Deterministic short-term hydrothermal-wind (STHTW) scheduling which aims to minimize the total cost. Case 3: Stochastic wind-hydro-thermal scheduling that seeks to minimize the total cost taking into consideration the uncertainty of the wind power generation. Case 4: Deterministic wind-hydro-thermal scheduling in the presence of the PHS unit with the total cost minimization as the objective function. Case 5: Stochastic wind-hydro-thermal scheduling in the presence of the PHS unit that is used to evaluate the impact of uncertainty of wind power generation with the total cost minimization as the objective function. It is noteworthy that the first three case studies have been formulated using a non-linear programming (NLP) model and solved using the CONOPT solver in GAMS. Case studies 4 and 5 have been presented using a mixed-integer non-linear programming (MINLP) model and solved using the DICOPT solver in GAMS. A sensitivity analysis has also been carried out to assess the system's performance with different loading conditions. In this respect, the total cost and PHS operation with different amounts of load demand were evaluated and the results have been presented and discussed.

Description

© 2024 The Author(s) cc-by

Keywords

Economic dispatch, Hydro/thermal/wind scheduling, Lattice Monte-Carlo, Non-linear programming

Citation

Esmaeel, Nezhad, A., Jowkar, S., Tavakkoli, Sabour, T., Rahimi, E., Ghanavati, F., & Esmaeilnezhad, F.. 2024. A short-term wind-hydrothermal operational framework in the presence of pumped-hydro storage. e-Prime - Advances in Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Energy, 8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prime.2024.100577

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