Armed conflict and HIV

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2013-05-10

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Abstract

This dissertation project asks the question, what are the effects of conflict on HIV prevalence? Scholars disagree about whether armed conflict affects HIV prevalence, and if it does in what ways. My dissertation seeks to provide more complete picture of the impacts conflict has on HIV rates by considering three specific characteristics of conflict, intensity, scope, and outcome of conflict. I argue that conflict increases HIV prevalence by reducing public health resources and infrastructure, displacing populations and causing sexual violence and population movement. I find that as a conflict becomes severe, involves large areas, or ends indecisively, it significantly reduces public health spending or infrastructures, which results in an increase of HIV prevalence. This study confirms that government resources and infrastructures are critical to suppressing HIV prevalence. In addition, this study suggests that different characteristics of conflict should be examined to show their impact on HIV

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Conflict, HIV

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