Changes in the Expression of Renal Brush Border Membrane N-Glycome in Model Rats with Chronic Kidney Diseases

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined by a reduced renal function i.e., glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the presence of kidney damage is determined by measurement of proteinuria or albuminuria. Albuminuria increases with age and can result from glomerular and/or proximal tubule (PT) alterations. Brush-border membranes (BBMs) on PT cells play an important role in maintaining the stability of PT functions. The PT BBM, a highly dynamic, organized, specialized membrane, contains a variety of glycoproteins required for the functions of PT. Since protein glycosylation regulates many protein functions, the alteration of glycosylation due to the glycan changes has attracted more interests for a variety of disease studies recently. In this work, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was utilized to analyze the abundances of permethylated glycans from rats under control to mild CKD, severe CKD, and diabetic conditions. The most significant differences were observed in sialylation level with the highest present in the severe CKD and diabetic groups. Moreover, high mannose N-glycans was enriched in the CKD BBMs. Characterization of all the BBM N-glycan changes supports that these changes are likely to impact the functional properties of the dynamic PT BBM. Further, these changes may lead to the potential discovery of glycan biomarkers for improved CKD diagnosis and new avenues for therapeutic treatments.

Description

© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).

Keywords

Glycomics, Brush-Border Membrane, Chronic Kidney Disease, Proteinuria and Hypertension, Obese and Diabetic, LC-MS/MS

Citation

Yu A, Zhao J, Yadav SPS, Molitoris BA, Wagner MC, Mechref Y. Changes in the Expression of Renal Brush Border Membrane N-Glycome in Model Rats with Chronic Kidney Diseases. Biomolecules. 2021; 11(11):1677. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11111677

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