Study on the Influential Factors of CO2 Storage in Low Permeability Reservoir


As the demands of tight-oil Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) and the controlling of anthro-pogenic carbon emission have become global challenges, Carbon Capture Utilization and Sequestration (CCUS) has been recognized as an effective solution to resolve both needs. However, the influential factors of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) geological storage in low permeability reservoirs have not been fully studied. Based on core samples from the Huang-3 area of the Ordos Basin, the feasibility and influential factors of geological CO2 sequestration in the Huang-3 area are analyzed through caprock breakthrough tests and a CO2 storage factor experiment. The results indicate that capillary trapping is the key mechanism of the sealing effect by the caprock. With the increase of caprock permeability, the breakthrough pressure and pressure difference decreased rapidly. A good expo-nential relationship between caprock breakthrough pressure and permeability can be summarized. The minimum breakthrough pressure of CO2 in the caprock of the Huang-3 area is 22 MPa, and the breakthrough pressure gradient is greater than 100 MPa/m. Huang-3 area is suitable for the geological sequestration of CO2, and the risk of CO2 breakthrough in the caprock is small. At the same storage percentage, the recovery factor of crude oil in larger permeability core is higher, and the storage percentage decreases with the increase of recovery factor. It turned out that a low permeability reservoir is easier to store CO2, and the storage percentage of carbon dioxide in the miscible phase is greater than that in the immiscible phase. This study can provide empirical reference for caprock selection and safety evaluation of CO2 geological storage in low permeability reservoirs within Ordos Basin.


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Carbon dioxide, Low permeability reservoirs, Oil recovery factor, Storage capacity


Yue, P., Zhang, R., Sheng, J.J., Yu, G., & Liu, F.. 2022. Study on the Influential Factors of CO2 Storage in Low Permeability Reservoir. Energies, 15(1).