Post-treatment sludge analyses and purification of paint effluent by coag-flocculation method
Tympanotonos fuscatus shell (T. fuscatus shell), an abundant eco-friendly waste was used as a precursor for the production of Tympanotonos fuscatus coagulant (TFC) for the purification of paint effluent (PE). Tympanotonos fuscatus shells (TFS) are of crustacean origin consisting mainly of chitin, calcium carbonate, entrained protein and other organic matrixes. Influence of pH, dosage and settling time on treatment efficiency was studied. Scanning electron microscopic, Fourier transform infra red, X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetric/thermogravimetric analyses were carried out to investigate, respectively, the surface morphology, functional group, crystalline/lattice structure and thermal stability of TFS, TFC and settled sludge after treatment. The PE was optimally treated at 2 g/L TFC dosage, pH 5 and 97 % efficiency. Results indicated that TFC could be an efficient treatment agent for PE at the conditions of the experiment.