SIRONA: Sustainable Integration of Regenerative Outer-space Nature and Agriculture. Part 1 -- Architecture and Technology

Date
2019-07-07
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
49th International Conference on Environmental Systems
Abstract

Plant growth systems are a critical component of a comprehensive Bioregenerative Life Support System (BLiSS) for long-duration human space exploration missions. Previous BLiSS technology development and crop selection have primarily focused on optimization of edible biomass and caloric content. In light of advances in horticulture, human space flight science, technology and nutritional science, these systems can benefit from reexamination. A holistic approach to designing plant growth systems and crop selection for human exploration missions must address how to influence long-term crew health, morale, and performance through multiple modalities. The greenhouse design concept for SIRONA: Sustainable Integration of Regenerative Outer-space Nature and Agriculture is presented. SIRONA is a food production, preparation, and preservation facility that includes: Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaponics (IMTA), Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) systems, automation technologies, food preparation/preservation concepts as well as integration of crew recreation, access to nature, and horticulture therapy. This food production facility has the capability to produce a wide variety of food sources including land crops, algae, aquatic crops and aquatic animals (fish, crustaceans, and mollusks), all of which provide additional health benefits beyond fulfilling basic nutritional needs. SIRONA uses an innovative holistic design approach to integrate the following living systems: astronauts, plants, animals and microbes. Additionally, an updated food selection framework is presented that integrates an expanded set of evaluation criteria including nutritional, medicinal, and psychological value of edible living systems.

Description
Heather Hava, University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Larissa Zhou, Harvard University, USA
Elizabeth Lombardi, Cornell University, USA
Kaixin Cui, University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Heeyeon Joung, University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Sarah Aguasvivas Manzano, University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Abby King, University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Hayley Kinlaw, University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Kyri Baker, University of Colorado Boulder, USA
Andy Kaufman, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
Nikolaus Correll, University of Colorado Boulder, USA
ICES502: Space Architecture
The 49th International Conference on Environmental Systems as held in Boston, Massachusetts, USA on 07 July 2019 through 11 July 2019.
Keywords
Human Space Exploration, Bioregenerative Life Support System, Human-Plant Interaction, Habitability, Crops, Crew Health and Well-being, Fresh Food, Biophilia, Mars Greenhouse
Citation