Antimicrobial Coatings for Medical Textiles via Reactive Organo-Selenium Compounds

Abstract

Bleached and cationized cotton fabrics were chemically modified with reactive organoselenium compounds through the nucleophilic aromatic substitution (SNAr) reaction, which allowed for organo-selenium attachment onto the surface of cotton fabrics via covalent bonds and, in the case of the cationized cotton fabric, additional ionic interactions. The resulting textiles exhibited potent bactericidal activity against S. aureus (99.99% reduction), although only moderate activity was observed against E. coli. Fabrics treated with reactive organo-selenium compounds also exhibited fungicidal activities against C. albicans, and much higher antifungal activity was observed when organo-selenium compounds were applied to the cationized cotton in comparison to the bleached cotton. The treatment was found to be durable against rigorous washing conditions (non-ionic detergent/100 °C). This paper is the first report on a novel approach integrating the reaction of cotton fabrics with an organo-selenium antimicrobial agent. This approach is attractive because it provides a method for imparting antimicrobial properties to cotton fabrics which does not disrupt the traditional production processes of a textile mill.

Description

© 2023 by the authors. cc-by

Keywords

bactericidal activity, cationized cotton, fungicidal activity, medical textiles, reactive organo-selenium compounds

Citation

Hoque, E., Tran, P., Jacobo, U., Bergfeld, N., Acharya, S., Shamshina, J.L., Reid, T.W., & Abidi, N.. 2023. Antimicrobial Coatings for Medical Textiles via Reactive Organo-Selenium Compounds. Molecules, 28(17). https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules28176381

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