Adverse Skeletal Muscle Adaptations in Individuals Born Preterm—A Comprehensive Review

Abstract

Infants born preterm face an increased risk of deleterious effects on lung and brain health that can significantly alter long-term function and quality of life and even lead to death. Moreover, preterm birth is also associated with a heightened risk of diabetes and obesity later in life, leading to an increased risk of all-cause mortality in young adults born prematurely. While these preterm-birth-related conditions have been well characterized, less is known about the long-term effects of preterm birth on skeletal muscle health and, specifically, an individual’s skeletal muscle hypertrophic potential later in life. In this review, we discuss how a confluence of potentially interrelated and self-perpetuating elements associated with preterm birth might converge on anabolic and catabolic pathways to ultimately blunt skeletal muscle hypertrophy, identifying critical areas for future research.

Description

© 2024 by the authors. cc-by

Keywords

inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, preterm birth, skeletal muscle hypertrophy

Citation

Dobson, N.L., Levitt, D.E., Luk, H.Y., & Vellers, H.L.. 2024. Adverse Skeletal Muscle Adaptations in Individuals Born Preterm—A Comprehensive Review. Current Issues in Molecular Biology, 46(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/cimb46050276

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