Lipid modulation contributes to heat stress adaptation in peanut

Abstract

At the cellular level, membrane damage is a fundamental cause of yield loss at high temperatures (HT). We report our investigations on a subset of a peanut (Arachis hypogaea) recombinant inbred line population, demonstrating that the membrane lipid remodeling occurring at HT is consistent with homeoviscous adaptation to maintain membrane fluidity. A major alteration in the leaf lipidome at HT was the reduction in the unsaturation levels, primarily through reductions of 18:3 fatty acid chains, of the plastidic and extra-plastidic diacyl membrane lipids. In contrast, levels of 18:3-containing triacylglycerols (TGs) increased at HT, consistent with a role for TGs in sequestering fatty acids when membrane lipids undergo remodeling during plant stress. Polyunsaturated acyl chains from membrane diacyl lipids were also sequestered as sterol esters (SEs). The removal of 18:3 chains from the membrane lipids decreased the availability of susceptible molecules for oxidation, thereby minimizing oxidative damage in membranes. Our results suggest that transferring 18:3 chains from membrane diacyl lipids to TGs and SEs is a key feature of lipid remodeling for HT adaptation in peanut. Finally, QTL-seq allowed the identification of a genomic region associated with heat-adaptive lipid remodeling, which would be useful for identifying molecular markers for heat tolerance.

Description

Copyright © 2023 Spivey, Rustgi, Welti, Roth, Burow, Bridges and Narayanan. cc-by

Keywords

heat stress, homeoviscous adaptation, leaf lipidome, lipid remodeling, ox-lipids, peanut, sterol esters, triacylglycerol

Citation

Spivey, W.W., Rustgi, S., Welti, R., Roth, M.R., Burow, M.D., Bridges, W.C., & Narayanan, S.. 2023. Lipid modulation contributes to heat stress adaptation in peanut. Frontiers in Plant Science, 14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2023.1299371

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