Intersectional Effects of Racial Color-Blindness, Attributions of Poverty, and Multicultural Training on Counselor Trainees’ Multicultural Counseling Competencies
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among counselor trainees’ color-blind racial attitudes, individualistic, structural, and fatalistic attributions of poverty, multicultural training, and multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Specifically, how the received multicultural training moderates the relationship between counselor trainees’ color-blind racial attitudes and explanations for poverty on their MCC was investigated. The participants for the study were masters and doctoral-level graduate counseling students currently enrolled in CACREP-accredited programs (N = 118) in the southern region of the United States. The results of six multiple regression analyses suggested that (a) Racial color-blindness, individualistic attributions of poverty, structural attributions of poverty, fatalistic attributions of poverty, and multicultural training collectively explained a significant amount of the variance of counselor trainees’ MCC; (b) Multicultural training, structural attributions of poverty, and individualistic attributions of poverty were the significant predictors of counselor trainees’ MCC; and (c) Multicultural training did not moderate the relationship between racial color-blindness and MCC, individualistic attributions of poverty and MCC, structural attributions of poverty and MCC, nor fatalistic attributions of poverty and MCC. Implications of the findings for training, practice, theory, methodology, and future research are discussed.