The Role of System Compatibility and Cabin Environmental Impact Assessment in Environmental Control and Life Support System Design and Flight Operations



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48th International Conference on Environmental Systems


Contamination of a crewed spacecraft’s cabin environment leading to ECLS system functional capability and operational margin degradation or loss can have an adverse effect on NASA’s space exploration mission figures of merit—safety, mission success, effectiveness, and affordability. Experience gained during the International Space Station program has shown the vital role that evaluating ECLS system compatibility and cabin environmental impact serves as a passive trace contaminant control tool which can provide guidance to crewed spacecraft system and payload developers relative to designing for minimum risk. As well, such evaluations can aid in guiding containment design, developing flight rules and procedures suitable for protecting the ECLS system and cabin environment, and defining contamination event remediation approaches. The approach to evaluating ECLS system compatibility and cabin environmental impact developed during the ISS program is presented and its application to future exploration missions is discussed.


Jay Perry, NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center


contamination control, life support systems, environmental impact