The Effects of Children on Gender Gaps among Immigrants in Denmark

Date
2023-08
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Abstract

The Scandinavian countries have been recognized for high female labor force participation rate, a generous social insurance system, favorable family policies, and a glass ceiling, which indicates that females do not achieve the highest-paying positions. The idea is that because women are more involved in child rearing, they are encouraged to participate in the labor force less actively than males by choosing family-friendly jobs. Using unique Danish administrative data from the Statbank Denmark (Statistikbanken), I investigated the effects of number of children and number of immigrants on gender inequality in Denmark’s labor market. I have assembled micro datasets with rich information on gender gap, immigrant population, number of children, average income, labor force participation, unemployment rate, hours worked and education for over time. I used annual data for the period 1986-2021, and utilized orthogonalized impulse response techniques. The results suggest that the impact of the immigrants on the gender gap is more significant than the impact of the number of children.

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Keywords
Inequality, Gender gap, Migration
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