Astronaut Smart Glove: A Human-Machine Interface For the Exploration of the Moon, Mars, and Beyond

dc.creatorLee, Pascal
dc.creatorMcKay, Christopher
dc.creatorQuinn, Gregory
dc.creatorChase, Tom
dc.creatorTamuly, Moina
dc.creatorTagestad, Sondre
dc.creatorPettersen, Haakon
dc.creatorArveng, Magnus
dc.creatorOygard, Frank
dc.creatorDotson, Brandon
dc.creatorSchutt, John
dc.creatorRohrig, Jake
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-24T14:57:20Z
dc.date.available2020-07-24T14:57:20Z
dc.date.issued2020-07-31
dc.descriptionPascal Lee, Mars Institute, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Institute, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Research Center (ARC), US
dc.descriptionChristopher McKay, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), US
dc.descriptionGregory Quinn, Collins Aerospace, US
dc.descriptionTom Chase, Collins Aerospace, US
dc.descriptionMoina Tamuly, Ntention, NO
dc.descriptionSondre Tagestad, Ntention, NO
dc.descriptionHaakon Pettersen, Ntention, NO
dc.descriptionMagnus Arveng, Ntention, NO
dc.descriptionFrank Oygard, Ntention, NO
dc.descriptionBrandon Dotson, Aviation Flight Test Directorate - Redstone Arsenal, US
dc.descriptionJohn Schutt, Mars Institute, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Institute, US
dc.descriptionJake Rohrig, Collins Aerospace, US
dc.descriptionICES405: Human/Robotics System Integration
dc.descriptionThe proceedings for the 2020 International Conference on Environmental Systems were published from July 31, 2020. The technical papers were not presented in person due to the inability to hold the event as scheduled in Lisbon, Portugal because of the COVID-19 global pandemic.en_US
dc.description.abstractAstronauts exploring the Moon, Mars and beyond will be assisted by robotic systems to render their work more efficient, productive, and safe. Among these, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or drones (airplanes, rotorcraft, or gas thrustered flyers), hold great promise, as they may assist astronauts in a wide range of science and exploration activities. UAV operations, however, are presently demanding tasks. Conventional drone interfaces require significant dexterity and situational awareness to enable subtle and rapid real-time control inputs. Such interfacing would be inadequate if the drone operator were wearing a pressurized spacesuit, as the latter fundamentally limits an astronaut’s ability to perceive and interact with the extra-vehicular environment. During the 2019 campaign of the NASA Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) on Devon Island, High Arctic, an established Moon and Mars analog field research site, a novel concept for a wireless human-machine interface (HMI) called “Astronaut Smart Glove”(ASG) was field-tested in partially simulated, unpressurized astronaut extra-vehicular activity (EVA). The ASG, along with its compact in-suit augmented reality (AR) head-mounted display (HMD), were evaluated for their potential adequacy in allowing UAVs to be operated by a suited astronaut. The ASG showed promise in being able to address both the dexterity and situational awareness limitations of spacesuits by allowing an astronaut to operate single-handedly, within conservative work envelopes for EVA hand operations, a UAV via low amplitude, intuitive gestures of one hand, and in head-up mode via direct visual contact with the UAV and/or in First Person View (FPV) using the AR display. While the ASG offers the prospect of enabling a wide range of robotic operations in future human exploration, further studies are needed to understand better the system’s potential limitations, in particular higher fidelity tests using a pressurized suit, and field demonstrations of end-to-end EVA surface science and exploration operations.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.otherICES_2020_428
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2346/86309
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisher2020 International Conference on Environmental Systems
dc.subjectMars
dc.subjectHuman-machine interface (HMI)
dc.subjectHuman-robot interaction
dc.subjectDrone
dc.subjectUnmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
dc.subjectHaughton-Mars Project
dc.subjectAnalog
dc.subjectMars on Earth
dc.subjectNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
dc.subjectNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Research Center (ARC)
dc.subjectMars Institute
dc.subjectSearch for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Institute
dc.subjectCollins Aerospace
dc.subjectNtention
dc.subjectDevon Island
dc.subjectArctic
dc.subjectApollo
dc.subjectArtemis
dc.titleAstronaut Smart Glove: A Human-Machine Interface For the Exploration of the Moon, Mars, and Beyond
dc.typePresentation

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