An exploratory study of the genesis and development of self-concept across ethnic/racial groups

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2014-08

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Abstract

This study provides a human development perspective in addressing trait components in self-concept. This study focuses on social and contextual components that may influence the development of self-concept. The gaps in the literature necessitated a much needed exploratory study that has a clear definition of self-concept, uses exploratory methods to attempt to accurately discover components of self-concept, has cross-cultural applications, and includes implications for a life course perspective. The current study proposed the study of self-concept through an etic perspective within which prospective similarities and differences amongst human groups were examined. Conflict, Learning, Person vs. Others, Person With Others and Self-Perceptions/Descriptions were found to be similar across the group, while Expectation of Self, Friend/Peer Perceptions, and Self Thru Autonomy were found to be different among participants. This suggests that social elements coupled with self-filtering internal cues play a role in influencing the development of the self and thus, the self-concept. Qualitative methods for exploring the self-concept of humans across cultures was used in order to remain fluid and culturally sensitive to the unique qualities that make up the self. This study found that, as a part of human development, self-concept is a process that includes a filtering mechanism and is constantly changing.

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Keywords

Self-concept, Self, Cross cultural, Adolescence, Emerging adulthood

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