A study of stress-relieving techniques used by school administrators in Texas



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Texas Tech University


The purpose of this study was to determine the stress-relieving techniques preferred by school administrators in Texas. These techniques were determined for during-the-school-day and out-of-school classifications. The study also explored the relationships between the labeling of an administrator as "active" or "passive" in his stress-relieving techniques and various classifications of Texas school administrators. "Active" implied that the administrator preferred stress-relieving techniques such as running, tennis, and so on. "Passive" indicated the administrator preferred stress-relieving techniques of reading, watching television, and so on.

The subjects were chosen randomly from the 1980 edition of the Texas School Directory. Of 900 questionnaires, 476 were returned for a rate of 52.9 percent.

The results of the survey indicated the out-of-school stress-relieving techniques most used in order of preference were.

  1. Listening to music or watching television;
  2. Visiting with friends;
  3. Reading for entertainment. Of the administrators responding, 67.4 percent had more "passive" types of out-of-school stress-relieving techniques.

The during-the-school-day stress-relieving techniques used most often, in order of preference, were:

  1. Walking around the building;
  2. Visiting classes;
  3. Taking breaks in the building and leaving the building (tie).

There were nine hypotheses relating the stress-relieving activities (active or passive) to various classifications and groups of school administrators. None of the classifications were predominantly "active." Female administrators were the only group who used "passive" techniques to a statistically significant degree. Of the women respondents, 83 percent were labeled "passive" by their ranking of stress-relieving preferences.

The study determined that 80.7 percent of the school administrators often or occasionally worked twelve to fourteen hours or more per day. Of the respondents 7 6.3 percent did not smoke. Only 34.2 percent had a regularly scheduled exercise program and 30.3 percent did not have physical examinations on a regular basis. Of the respondents, 24.8 percent had hypertension.

As a result of this study, several recommendations for further study were made.



Stress (Psychology), School administrators -- Texas, School administrators -- Psychology