Prediction of attrition from an inpatient alcohol treatment program: the utility of self efficacy expectations, outcome expectations, and outcome values
Martin, Paulette Wendy
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The purpose of this study was to assess the relative utility of efficacy expectations, outcome expectations, and outcome values in predicting attrition from an alcohol inpatient treatment program. It was hypothesized that low expectancies in any of these areas would increase the likelihood that a patient would leave treatment prematurely. In addition, it was hypothesized, on the basis of se1f-efficacy theory, that persons who enter treatment with low expectations of personal efficacy for program completion and high expectations of treatment outcome would manifest more depression due to their perceived inability to obtain the expected outcomes of treatment.