Factors associated with female work involvement
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The major purpose of this study was to explore several variables, namely self-esteem, desired family size, and mother's work history, as they relate to the anticipated work involvement for a random sample, stratified according to sex, of 406 unmarried college females. Four patterns of work involvement were developedâ€”no work involvement, long interruption of work involvement, short interruption of work involvement, and continuous work involvement. Nearly 99% of these women planned to work at some time during their married lives, if only before or after children. Mother's work history was positively related to anticipated work involvement. Desired family size was negatively related to anticipated work involvement. Interestingly, self-esteem was not related to anticipated work involvement, and it was suggested that achievement via career involvement for women may represent a potential threat in terms of perceived affiliative loss, and that college age women seem particularly sensitive to this threat which may contribute to lower self-esteem.