Women empowerment and child well-being: The case of Jordan
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The objective of this study is to define the relationship between women empowerment and child well-being and determine the variables included whether independent or dependent. This is achieved by measuring the relationship between increased education, employment, and participation in household decision making using twenty seven variables that determine women participation in decisions regarding their status in the household. The sample consisted of (304) households, from urban and rural areas, in the North, Middle, and South regions. Individual women of age (15-49) were interviewed individually in face-to-face interviews on their background characteristics, work status, household decision making, financial decision making, and child well-being. The study contributes to the literature by adding a new data set and evidence on women empowerment and child well-being. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), means, percentages, t-test, F-test, and Tukey test were used. The results indicate that women participation in many variables is affected by their level of education, economic status, residence, and employment. The higher the level of education for women increases the level of participation in household decision making whether alone or jointly with the husband. The same applies for women participation in intrahousehold resource allocation and its effect on child well-being. The same results can be drawn on other variables that contribute to child well-being. There are statistical difference at (05.0≤α) among the various level of education in favor of bachelor's degree and more. This is also applied on number of children, husbands education, age of both husband and wife, income of wife and husband concerning the percentage of women participation in decision making regarding many of the twenty seven variables and child well-being indicators at (05.0≤α) indicating that there are statistically significant differences.