Now showing items 1-20 of 964

    • Design of a Containerized Greenhouse Module for Deployment to the Neumayer III Antarctic Station 

      Bamsey, Matthew T.; Zabel, Paul; Zeidler, Conrad; Poulet, Lucie; Schubert, Daniel; Kohlberg, Eberhard; Graham, Thomas (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      Designs for an Antarctic plant production system to be deployed at Germany’s Neumayer Station III are presented. Characterization and testing of several key controlled environment agriculture technologies are ongoing at ...
    • The Virtual Habitat – Optimization of Life Support Systems 

      Zhukov, A.; Czupalla, M. (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      Definition and design of the optimal Life Support System (LSS) becomes one of the most important drivers for the long term manned space mission. Optimization studies must be considered already during early stages of LSS ...
    • Overview of Instruments for Investigating Dust Interactions on Small Solar System Bodies by Landers and Rovers 

      Kobrick, Ryan L.; Hoffman, Jeffrey A.; Street, Kenneth W.; Rickman, Douglas L. (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      Small Solar System bodies such as asteroids, comets and Mars’ moons Phobos and Deimos have relatively unknown regolith environments. It is hypothesized that dust preserved in the regolith on the surfaces will have similar ...
    • Carbon-Based Regenerable Sorbents for the Combined Carbon Dioxide and Ammonia Removal for the Primary Life Support System (PLSS) 

      Wójtowicz, Marek A.; Cosgrove, Joseph E.; Serio, Michael A.; Manthina, Venkata; Singh, Prabhakar; Chullen, Cinda (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      Results are presented on the development of reversible sorbents for the combined carbon dioxide and trace-contaminant (TC) removal for use in Extravehicular Activities (EVAs). Since ammonia is the most important TC to be ...
    • Utilization of the terrestrial cyanobacteria 

      Katoh, Hiroshi; Yokoshima, Mika; Kimura, Shunta; Furukawa, Jun; Tomita-Yokotani, Kaori; Yamaguchi, Yuji; Takenaka, Hiroyuki (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      The terrestrial, N2-fixing cyanobacterium, Nostoc commune has expected to utilize for agriculture, food and terraforming cause of its extracellular polysaccharide, desiccation tolerance and nitrogen fixation. Previously, ...
    • Amine Swingbed Payload Testing on ISS 

      Button, Amy B.; Sweterlitsch, Jeffrey J. (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      One of NASA Johnson Space Center's test articles of the amine-based carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapor sorbent system known as the CO2 And Moisture Removal Amine Swing-bed, or CAMRAS, was incorporated into a payload on ...
    • Fresnel-based Solar Concentration Power System for Mars and Lunar Outposts 

      Furfaro, Roberto; Gellenbeck, Sean; Sadler, Phil (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      Future human exploration of the solar system will require architecting and deploying missions that last for years. Oxygen generation and atmosphere revitalization represent a critical component for sustainable long-term ...
    • IXV Venting System Design and Testing 

      Loddoni, Giovanni; Bertone, Massimo; Andrioli, Lorenzo; Tavera, Salvatore; Sinesi, Cosimo (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      The Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle (IXV) is a non-pressurized lifting-body shaped re-entry vehicle committed by ESA to TAS-I as prime contractor (on June 2009) in a synergic approach with industrial partnerships. The ...
    • Six Years of Columbus TCS Flight Activity 

      Palo, S. De; Bufano, G.; Szigetvari, Z.; Persson, J. (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      First six years of flight operations give a good chance for reviewing performances and major events faced by the Thermal Control System (TCS) of the European ISS Laboratory. This paper gives a glance to the 2008-2013 ...
    • Thermal Micrometeoroid Garment Development for an Exploration EVA Glove 

      Macleod, Shawn R.; Jacobs, Shane E.; Doherty, Matthew T.; Ripps, Travis B. (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      It is highly probable that human space exploration objectives will drive the next generation Extravehicular Activity (EVA) spacesuit to require design elements capable of providing thermal insulation protection across ...
    • A novel ion exchange system to purify mixed ISS waste water brines for chemical production and enhanced water recovery 

      Lunn, Griffin M.; Spencer, LaShelle E.; Ruby, Anna Maria J.; McCaskill, Andrew (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      The International Space Station water recovery system produces a sizable portion of waste water brine. This brine is highly toxic and contains a significant volume of water. With new biological techniques that do not require ...
    • Phase-change thermal capacitors for ExoMars 2016 mission 

      Gottero, M.; Perotto, V.; Martino, R.; Leyda, B.; Ozmat, B. (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      Use of heat capacitors based on Phase-Change Materials (PCM) for the effective thermal management of peak power dissipation in space systems is not a novelty. Yet, its application in real missions has been small, especially ...
    • Efficient Evaluation Method of System Concepts for Preliminary ECLSS Design Studies 

      Binder, Tilman; Nathanson, Emil; Belz, Stefan; Fasoulas, Stefanos (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      The concept trade-off is a crucial step in the conceptual design of environmental control and life support systems (ECLSS). For this purpose, a computer program is developed by which a large number of options can be evaluated ...
    • Assessment of molecular contamination on the BepiColombo MMO spacecraft 

      Ogawa, Hiroyuki; Urayama, Fumitaka; Baba, Susumu; Miyazaki, Eiji; Okamoto, Akira; Hayakawa, Hajime (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      The influence of the molecular contaminants (MOC) accumulating on the thermal control surface as well as the optical elements was assessed for the BepiColombo MMO (Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter). The outgassing and ...
    • The Utilization of Urine Processing for the Advancement of Life Support Technologies 

      Grossi, Elysse N.; Hogan, John A.; Flynn, Michael (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      The success of long-duration missions will depend on resource recovery and the self- sustainability of life support technologies. Current technologies used on the International Space Station (ISS) utilize chemical and ...
    • ISS Ambient Air Quality: Updated Inventory of Known Aerosol Sources 

      Meyer, Marit (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      Spacecraft cabin air quality is of fundamental importance to crew health, with concerns encompassing both gaseous contaminants and particulate matter. Little opportunity exists for direct measurement of aerosol concentrations ...
    • REVIEW AND RATIONALISATION OF POST-FIRE MONITORING FOR ATMOSPHERE CONTROL IN SUBMARINES 

      Griffin, L. J.; Bollan, H. R. (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      In the event of a fire in the enclosed space of a submarine a set routine for post-fire monitoring and air purification is detailed in Royal Navy (RN) documents. Currently there is a set of chemical species required to be ...
    • U.S. Spacesuit Knowledge Capture Accomplishments in Fiscal Years 2012 and 2013 

      Chullen, Cinda; Oliva, Vladenka R. (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      The NASA U.S. Spacesuit Knowledge Capture (KC) program has existed since the beginning of 2008. The program was designed to share historical spacesuit information with engineers and other technical team members to augment ...
    • Logistics Reduction and Repurposing Technology for Long- Duration Space Missions 

      Broyan, James Lee; Chu, Andrew; Ewert, Michael K. (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      One of NASA’s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) projects is the Logistics Reduction and Repurposing (LRR) project, which has the goal of reducing logistics resupply items through direct and indirect means. Various ...
    • Use of Semi-Markov Models for Quantitative ECLSS Reliability Analysis: Spares and Buffer Sizing 

      Owens, Andrew C.; Weck, Olivier L. de (44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 2014-07-13)
      As the duration of human spaceflight missions increases, it becomes less feasible to attempt to design Environmental Control and Life Support Systems (ECLSS) with components of such high reliability that they will never ...