Show simple item record

dc.creatorKim, Youngdeok
dc.date.accessioned2017-12-18T21:38:25Z
dc.date.available2017-12-18T21:38:25Z
dc.date.issued2017-03-15
dc.identifier.citationKim Y, Lee J-M, Kim J, Dhurandhar E, Soliman G, Wehbi NK, et al. (2017) Longitudinal associations between body mass index, physical activity, and healthy dietary behaviors in adults: A parallel latent growth curve modeling approach. PLoS ONE 12(3): e0173986. https://doi.org/ 10.1371/journal.pone.0173986en_US
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2346/73434
dc.descriptionn/aen_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Physical activity (PA) and healthy dietary behaviors (HDB) are two well-documented lifestyle factors influencing body mass index (BMI). This study examined 7-year longitudinal associations between changes in PA, HDB, and BMI among adults using a parallel latent growth curve modeling (LGCM). Methods: We used prospective cohort data collected by a private company (SimplyWell LLC, Omaha, NE, USA) implementing a workplace health screening program. Data from a total of 2,579 adults who provided valid BMI, PA, and HDB information for at least 5 out of 7 follow-up years from the time they entered the program were analyzed. PA and HDB were subjectively measured during an annual online health survey. Height and weight measured during an annual onsite health screening were used to calculate BMI (kg m2). The parallel LGCMs stratified by gender and baseline weight status (normal: BMI<25, overweight BMI 25±29.9, and obese: BMI>30) were fitted to examine the longitudinal associations of changes in PA and HDB with change in BMI over years. Results: On average, BMI gradually increased over years, at rates ranging from 0.06 to 0.20 kg m2 year, with larger increases observed among those of normal baseline weight status across genders. The increases in PA and HDB were independently associated with a smaller increase in BMI for obese males (b = -1.70 and -1.98, respectively), and overweight females (b = -1.85 and -2.46, respectively) and obese females (b = -2.78 and -3.08, respectively). However, no significant associations of baseline PA and HDB with changes in BMI were observed. Conclusions: Our study suggests that gradual increases in PA and HDB are independently associated with smaller increases in BMI in overweight and obese adults, but not in normal weight individuals. Further study is warranted to address factors that check increases in BMI in normal weight adults.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipn/aen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherPLoS ONEen_US
dc.subjectphysical activity, weight, nutrition, epidemiologyen_US
dc.titleLongitudinal associations between body mass index, physical activity, and healthy dietary behaviors in adults: A parallel latent growth curve modeling approachen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


Files in this item


Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record