Creating Climate-Resilient Crops by Increasing Drought, Heat, and Salt Tolerance


Over the years, the changes in the agriculture industry have been inevitable, considering the need to feed the growing population. As the world population continues to grow, food security has become challenged. Resources such as arable land and freshwater have become scarce due to quick urbanization in developing countries and anthropologic activities; expanding agricultural production areas is not an option. Environmental and climatic factors such as drought, heat, and salt stresses pose serious threats to food production worldwide. Therefore, the need to utilize the remaining arable land and water effectively and efficiently and to maximize the yield to support the increasing food demand has become crucial. It is essential to develop climate-resilient crops that will outperform traditional crops under any abiotic stress conditions such as heat, drought, and salt, as well as these stresses in any combinations. This review provides a glimpse of how plant breeding in agriculture has evolved to overcome the harsh environmental conditions and what the future would be like.


© 2024 by the authors. cc-by


abiotic stress, climate change, drought, food security, heat, salinity


Sugumar, T., Shen, G., Smith, J., & Zhang, H.. 2024. Creating Climate-Resilient Crops by Increasing Drought, Heat, and Salt Tolerance. Plants, 13(9).