Economics, Technology, and the Clean Air Amendments of 1970: The First Six Years




Kramer, Bruce M.

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Ecology Law Quarterly


The 1970 Clean Air Act set a three year deadline for achieving primary ambient air quality standards which Congress designed to protect public health even at great economic cost. Yet it took more than five years simply to resolve in the courts the Environmental Protection Agency's limited responsibility to weigh the economic, technological, and social feasibility of the measures polluters must take to meet these standards. In this article, Professor Kramer outlines the legislative responsibility for balancing the competing interests involved in the Clean Air Act and then examines the overall policy balance struck by Congress. The bulk of this article considers the controversies raging over the balancing of economic, technological, and social feasibility factors in each of five programs under the Clean Air Act.



Economics, Technology, Clean Amendments of 1970


6 Ecology L.Q. 161