Two-Stage Dust Removal System for Mars In-Situ Resource Utilization Systems: System Sizing and Trade-offs

Date
2018-07-08
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
48th International Conference on Environmental Systems
Abstract

A two-stage dust filtration system is presented for Mars in situ resource utilization (ISRU) gas processing systems consisting of a cyclone pre-filter and an electrostatic precipitator (ESP). An inertial cyclone pre-filter upstream of the ESP offers a regenerable, passive, and robust approach to capture the larger particles and reduce the required size of the ESP stage. We present the development of a system model to estimate performance of a cyclone-ESP dust separator operating under low-pressure, Martian conditions. We compare the model to experimental cyclone tests and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis, and estimate the performance and scalability of a two-stage dust separation system. We present the sizing and collection efficiency trade-offs between the stages for a validation class ISRU processing system.

Description
Ariane Chepko, Creare
Michael Swanwick, Creare
Paul Sorensen, Shell Techworks
Darius Modarress, Measurement Science Enterprise, Inc
ICES510: Planetary and Spacecraft Dust Properties and Mitigation Technologies
The 48th International Conference on Environmental Systems was held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA on 08 July 2018 through 12 July 2018.
Keywords
Dust Separation, Dust Filter, ISRU, Electrostatic Precipitation, Cyclone, Mars
Citation