Shelf-Life Evaluation of Pork Loins as Influenced by the Application of Different Antimicrobial Interventions

Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the impact of antimicrobial interventions and refrigerated dark storage on the shelf-life of pork chops. Boneless pork loins (n = 36) were split and stored for 1, 14, 28, and 42 days at 2–4 °C after being treated with the following antimicrobials: water (WAT), Bovibrom 225 ppm (BB225), Bovibrom 500 ppm (BB500), Fit Fresh 3 ppm (FF3), or washing solution 750 ppm (WS750). After the end of dark storage, pork loins were further processed and sliced into chops, overwrapped in trays, and displayed for up to an additional 96 h in a retail case. Instrumental and visual color measurements as well as mesophilic and psychrotrophic aerobic bacteria, and lactic acid bacteria were measured. BB500 and FF3 performed better in inhibiting the growth of indicator bacteria under 6 logs; however, FF3 presented the best stability for color during storage. Principal component analysis clustered initial dark storage days with a* and chroma while % discoloration, hue, b* and microorganisms where clustered with longer dark storage times. In general, treatment FF3 presented the best performance, both in inhibiting microbial growth and maintaining the stability of color, thus increasing the shelf-life of pork loins.

Description
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords
indicator bacteria, linear regression analysis, 1,3-dibromo-5, 5-dimethyl hydantoin, rhamnolipids, chlorine dioxide
Citation
Vargas DA, Blandon SE, Sarasty O, Osorio-Doblado AM, Miller MF, Echeverry A. Shelf-Life Evaluation of Pork Loins as Influenced by the Application of Different Antimicrobial Interventions. Foods. 2022; 11(21):3464. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11213464
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