Carbon Dioxide Removal by Ionic Liquid Sorbent (CDRILS) System Development

Date

2018-07-08

Authors

Henson, Phoebe
Yates, Stephen
Kamire, Rebecca
Bonk, Ted

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

48th International Conference on Environmental Systems

Abstract

Using a liquid absorbent like an ionic liquid eliminates many of the disadvantages of solid adsorbent systems for carbon dioxide (CO2) removal from air in a deep space mission. Systems built around a liquid absorbent avoid complicated valve networks to switch between absorbing and desorbing beds, and deliver an even flow of product carbon dioxide. Ionic liquids are particularly desirable for space applications since they are non-volatile, non-odorous, and have high oxidative stability.

Significant progress has been made in the development of the CDRILS system for use in life support applications. Membrane contactors have been designed that provide high surface area without allowing escape of the liquid, and the long-term reliability of both contactors and ionic liquid has been assessed. Using measured CO2 and water capacities and mass transfer coefficients, alternative system designs have been evaluated to identify those that maximize performance while minimizing weight, volume and power consumption. Because water is strongly absorbed by most ionic liquids, water management is a key focus in designing the closed-loop system. Determination of optimized operating conditions and the optimum system design allows scale up of lab scale experiments to a full size unit capable of removing 4.16 kg/day of CO2.

Description

Phoebe Henson, Honeywell Aerospace
Stephen Yates, Honeywell Aerospace
Rebecca Kamire, Honeywell Aerospace
Ted Bonk, Honeywell Aerospace
ICES302: Physio-chemical Life Support- Air Revitalization Systems -Technology and Process Development
The 48th International Conference on Environmental Systems was held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA on 08 July 2018 through 12 July 2018.

Keywords

carbon dioxide, co2, co2 removal, carbon dioxide removal, ionic liquid, humidity removal, closed-loop, hollow fiber membrane contactors, hollow fiber membranes

Citation