Exercise in Aging: Be Balanced


The beneficial effects of exercise are recognized for preventing physical and cognitive decline during the aging process. However, there is still a gap concerning recommended intensity, volume, frequency and mode of exercise especially for older people. The aim of this study was to investigate an appropriate type of physical activity (PA) model for healthy aging. A commentary of the influence of PA and exercise on healthy aging through an online search of the databases Web of Science, PubMed and Google Scholar. Two living groups can be considered as potential references: modern hunter-gatherer small-scale population and master athletes. Greater physical activity is proposed for healthy aging than that recommended by WHO. Additionally, mindfulness meditation techniques during exercise are recommended especially for persons practicing long-duration exercises. Complex and compound exercise and workouts should include challenging exercises adjusted and balanced to provide clients, especially older people, with noticeable changes and progress.


© 2021 Gronek J et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Older People, Healthy Aging, Physical Activity, Physical Activity Pattern, Mindfulness and Exercise


Joanna Gronek , Michał Boraczyński , Piotr Gronek , Dariusz Wieliński , Jacek Tarnas , Sławomir Marszałek , Yi-Yuan Tang. Exercise in Aging: Be Balanced. Aging and disease. 2021, 12(5): 1140-1149 https://doi.org/10.14336/AD.2021.0107